Value Dams and Flows
Difficulty Level:Design Phase:
Analytic method to reduce the solution space and resolve value tensions among design choices. First, design options that even a small percentage of stakeholders strongly object to are removed from the design space—the value dams. Then of the remaining design options, those that a good percentage of stakeholders find appealing are foregrounded in the design—the value flows. Can be applied to the design of both technology and social structures.
Framework of ethics used
See: Miller, Friedman, Jancke, & Gill (2007); Czeskis, et al. (2010); and Denning, Borning, Friedman, Gill, Kohno, & Maisel (2010).