Difficulty Level:

Method Overview

De-scription is a part of the Ethics for Designers Toolkit which consists of a worksheet that enables a designer duo to deconstruct existing designs and train their moral sensitivity as a designer. 

Framework of ethics used:


Method Intentions:

You will need:

Materials: Worksheet, pens, an example product 

Participants: Designer Duo


Using the worksheet, do the following steps (from Gipsen, 2017):

  1. Describe the ‘WHAT’ of the design. Use the questions on the template.
  2. Describe the ‘HOW’ of the design. Use this to determine the script: Like the script of a movie or a theater play, an artifact can ‘prescribe’ its users how to act when they use it. Write this down.
  3. Describe the ‘WHY’ of the design. Use this to determine the underlying worldview.  Write this down.

Further Reading

Categories of tools and skills required by designers:

Other tools in the Toolkit:


Gispen, J. (2017). De-scription. Ethics for Designers.

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