Envisioning Cards

Difficulty Level:

Method Overview

Envisioning Cards are a set of thirty-two cards that help practitioners to consider the future impact of new technology on the larger community as well as neighbors and friends. This also helps practitioners to examine the entire lifecycle of a product. It used these eight lenses to assist in this evaluation: Stakeholders, Values, Time, and Pervasiveness.

Framework of ethics used:



Method Intentions:

Getting Started

You will Need:

Jumping Right In (Citation)

  • Method uses
  • Getting Unstuck
    • Choose a random card from the deck and perform its activity. Once you have made progress on the issue brought up on the card, draw a new one.
  • Tracking Progress
    • Identify cards that are relevant to the concerns of your project. Display them in a place that is easy to see. Track your progress throughout the project by annotating the cards.
  • Engaging Students
    • Have students pick a few cards to guide them during their project.
  • Soliciting Clients Concerns
  • Connecting with the Local Environment

Further Reading

Friedman, B. and Nathan, L. P. (2010). Multi-lifespan information system design: A research

 initiative for the HCI community. In Proceedings of the 28th International Conference 

on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York, NY: ACM Press, 2243-2246. 


Nathan, L. P., Friedman, B., Klasnja, P., Kane, S. K., and Miller, J. K. (2008). Envisioning 

systemic effects on persons and society throughout interactive system design. In

 Proceedings of the 7th ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems. New York,

 NY: ACM Press, 1-10. [PDF]

Friedman, B. and Hendry, D. G. (2019). Value Sensitive Design: Shaping technology with moral 

imagination. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Dunne, A. and Raby, F. (2001). Design Noir: The Secret Life of Electronic Objects. Boston, 

MA: August Media.


Friedman, B. (Ed.) (1997). Human Values and the Design of Computer Technology. New York,

 NY: Cambridge University Press.


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