Value Reflection Workbooks

Difficulty Level:

Method Overview

A design technique that allows designers to explore privacy features they should integrate into the design of a digital product right from the development phase of the product.

Framework of ethics used:


Method Intentions:

Getting Started

Materials: Design workbook with content and sample products that are to be considered for the potential for privacy violations.

Participants: Team

Steps (Wong, et. al, 2017)

  1. Select technologies that  
  2. First, come up with 3-5 core values (i.e. autonomy, safety, transparency, etc.).
  3. Next, come up with 3-5 entities (i.e. users, society, environment, etc.). 
  4. Finally, create combinations between the various core values and entities that you have, and pair each combination with 2-3 action statements.


Wong, R. Y., Mulligan, D. K., Van Wyk, E., Pierce, J., & Chuang, J. (2017). Eliciting values reflections by engaging privacy futures using design workbooks. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 1(CSCW), 1-26.

This methods microsite is based off of analysis which is available in a preprint manuscript. Feel free to review our methodology and other details! We welcome your comments and feedback ! Please also use this form if you would like to suggest a method as an addition to the collection!